A U.S. Patriot missile system is seen at a Turkish military base in Gaziantep February 5, 2013. The United States, Germany and the Netherlands each committed to sending two batteries and up to 400 soldiers to operate them after Ankara asked for help to bolster its air defences against possible missile attack from Syria. REUTERS/Osman Orsal (TURKEY - Tags: POLITICS MILITARY CONFLICT)

The United States is withdrawing from the Middle East air defense systems installed to put pressure on Iran. The Pentagon informed the Saudi authorities about this in early June. Several MIM-104 Patriot complexes, as well as PRO THAAD systems, will leave the territory of the kingdom. In total, the US Armed Forces intend to export eight Patriot complexes from Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Jordan. Part of the equipment will be relocated to other areas, the rest of the complexes will go to the United States for maintenance.

The decrease in the number of SAMs in the Middle East is due to the fact that the Biden administration intends to resume negotiations with Iran. Under President Trampe, air defense systems were sent to the region to ensure the security of US allies and the military itself. After the assassination ( of KSIR General Kasem Sulejmani, Iran responded with a strike ( on US military facilities in Iraq, which forced the United States to deploy SAMs in Iraq. Patriot. The PRO THAAD system was also deployed in Saudi Arabia in response to Iran’s aggressive actions ( against that country.

The liberated forces are planned to be used in the confrontation with China and Russia. It is difficult to predict exactly how the air defense and anti-missile systems will be used against Russia outside the Middle East due to the abundance of such options. However, to begin with, they must be modified. Tests of the combined THAAD-Patriot system, conducted in 2019-2020, failed in two out of three cases. According to the report of the US Audit Chamber, the problems lie in the software of the system.